Lesson 1

Урок 1

Kurdish Alphabet:

Not:

The following letters are replaced by s, c, ^i ^u and ^e.

—-
s=s,

—-
c=c,

—-
^
u =^u
—-
^
I=^i
—-
^
e=^e
—-
a— (‘a’ in ‘bar’, ‘father’) av: water
b— (‘b’ in ‘bar’) bIra : brother
c— (‘j’ in ‘joy’) cIwan : young man
c,— (‘ch’ in ‘cheese’) c,ar : four
d— a) (door ) dar : wood
—- b) (dawn) dhol : dram
—- c) (‘ti’ in English) Ez di xoum : I eat
e— (‘a’ in ‘act’) ez : I
^e— (‘ai’ in ‘fair’) m^erIk : man
f— (‘f’ in English) fIre : wide
g— (game) ga : bo
h— (house) heft : seven
I(i)— (‘e’ in ‘ben’) bI(i)ra : brother
i(^i)— (‘ee’ in ‘keep’) i(^i)ro : today
j— (‘s’ in ‘pleasure’) jIn : woman
k— (‘k’ in ‘kodak’) kevIr : stone
l— (bell) l~e : but
m— (month) merd : brave
n— (nine) nan : bread
o— (kodak) roj : day
p— (poor) par : last year
q— (quit) qirin : yel
r— (rise) roj : day
s— (seven) seri : head
s,— (‘sh’ in ‘shell’) s,ev : night
t— (tea) tu : you
u— (shut) du : two
^u— (‘u’ in French) d^ur : far
v— (vote) vIr : hear
w— (wind) welat : country
x— (‘ch’ in German and Scottish) xal : uncle
y— (year) yar : friend, lover
z— (zero) zar: child
Numbers
1— yek
2— dIdu, du (do)
3— sIs^e, s^e
4— c,ar
5— penc,
6— s,es,
7— heft
8— hes,t
9— neh
10— deh
11— yanzdeh (deh ^u yek)
12— dIwanzdeh (deh ^u dIdu/du)
13— s^ezdeh (deh ^u sIs^e/s^e)
14— c,ardeh (deh ^u c,ar)
15— panzdeh (deh ^u p^enc)
16— s,anzdeh (deh ^u s,es,)
17— hIvdeh (deh ^u heft)
18— hIjeh (deh ^u hes,t
19— nozdeh (deh ^u neh)
20— bist
21— bist ^u yek
22— bist ^u dIdu/du
30— si, sIh
40— c,Il, c,el
50— p^enci
60— s,^est
70— heft^e
80— hes,t^e
90— nod (nehwed)
100— sed
200— dused
300— s^esed
400— c,arsed
500— p^encsed
600— s,es,sed
700— heftsed
800— hes,tsed
900— nehsed
1000— hezar
10 000— dehhezar
20 000— bisthezar
100 000— sedhezar
200 000— dusedhezar
1993— hezar ^u nehsed ^u nod ^u s^e
Source:
1-Standard Kurdish Grammar by F. R. Akrawy
2-Kurdish-Turkish Lessons by Burhan Dinler
3-Turkce Izahli Kurtce Grameri by Kemal Badilli

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